Pathology is branch of medical science that includes combined scientific examination of complaint whereby the causes, mechanisms and extent of disease are examined.
In easy terms, pathology is laboratory analysis of cause and effects of illness and injury.
Pathology is a branch of medical science that involves chemical analysis of and diagnosis of sickness through testing of surgically removed tissues, organs, body fluids, and in some cases total body.
Specialist or Physician who practise Pathology is called Pathologist.
A physician practising Pathology is called Pathologist.
Pathological laboratory tests guide exceeding 70% of medical decisions for uncomplaining care.
Types of Pathology Laboratories:
1. Hospital Labs:
Hospitals have an in-house laboratory to exam bloods, bodily fluids, tissues, cells collected of Hospital Patients. The facilities of Hospital Labs would increase surgical pathology, cytopathology, autopsy etc.
Almost everything hospitals contain a laboratory to maintain clinical services offered at hospital. Most, if not all, inpatient and many outpatients seen and admitted at hospital require exam performed by labs of hospital.
2. Public Health Labs:
Public Health Laboratories are generally run by public organisation or organization and local health departments to reach diagnosis and protect public from health threats such as outbreaks of infectious disease.
These labs take effect tests to monitor prevalence of certain diseases in activity which are public concern, such as outbreak of Covid 19, Corona, outbreak of foorborne or waterborne illness etc.
3. Reference Labs:
Reference labs are usually private, commercial facilities that conducts high volume and speciality laboratory testing. Most of tests are referred from physician clinic, doctors clinic, hospitals and other patient care nursing homes. Reference labs, are generally third party laboratories that conduct and give laboratory services of doctors, hospitals, clinics and nursing homes for a fee. These referring doctors, clinics and hospitals refers their tests to outdoor labs because they get not have in-house pathology laboratory services.
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